The air transport sector lives in a permanent dynamic of operational challenges. One of the major challenges is the redistribution of routes operated by each company derived from the birth of low cost airlines companies. Before the existence of low cost airlines companies, offer prices were prohibitive for many citizens. When low cost airlines companies started operating routes, ticket prices decreased dramatically, which led to adjustments in the european air transport routes. Traditional airlines companies had to decrease their ticket prices and low cost airlines companies took control of many routes that were not profitable enough for traditional airlines companies.
This project shows how the European airspace is organized between different airlines companies, allowing the navigation through more than 9.000 routes operated by more than 100 airlines companies. You can analyze how many routes are operated by each airline company, filter by distance of routes and focus on a specific geographic area.
This project has a character exploration. Our first analysis show different operating models routes by airlines companies. These models are:
- Model “fly to all destinations” a model used by, among others, Ryanair and Easyjet. In this model, companies use various airports as major centers of distribution routes from which they establish connections with as many European cities as possible. They also cover short-haul routes in countries like Spain, which are routes operated historically by traditional companies that have come to be managed by low-cost airlines sometimes with funding of local authorities in the cities where they operate.
- Model “tour operator”. This model is used by companies belonging to tourism conglomerates, such as Thomas Cook or Thomson Fly. These companies follow am operational model based on few routes whose primary mission is to link tourist destinations in southern Europe (mainly the Canary Islands) with cities of central and northern Europe.
- Model “logistics centers”. This model is currently the most followed by traditional companies that have participated in the recent mergers in Europe. Examples of this models are Lufthansa and Alitalia.
- Model “local”. This model establishes a main transportation center, usually the capital of a country from which they operate different routes connecting the city with other cities of the same country. This model is identified in Air France, Iberia, Spanair and Air Europa.
- Model “radial”. This model has similarities to the local model, but in this case happens in countries with fewer internal connections. It runs based on establishing a primary transportation center from which you operate different routes to European countries. This model is identified in KLM and Malev.
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